Scientists have releaved the reconstructive face of a young woman who lived in the scottish highlands 4000 years ago in the so-called Bronze Age.
Her computarized face was reconstructed out of a skull and bones found in 1987 in a dig at a remote site in the scottish highlands. The bones were found along with a beaker and other artifacts.
Scientists named Ava (abbrevation of Achavanich, the place where the bones were found) to the woman; they believe that she belonged to the Beaker culture which flourished throughout Europe in that period of time.
The wear and tear on both the teeth and bones led researchers to estimate that she was between the ages of 18 and 22 when she died, although the cause of her death is unknown. Interestingly, though many Beaker people had slight brachycephaly – meaning a short, round skull – Ava’s skull appears particularly misshapen, leading researchers to speculate that her remains may have been deliberately modified by those who buried her. According to Hoole, “if you look at the shape of her skull compared to others from this period, the top and back are especially flat, and the back of her head is distinctly square shaped.”
Ava’s skull. Michael Sharpe
Once again, the reason for this apparent skull-squishing is not yet clear, though Hoole says that “there were a lot of unusual practices taking place in the Bronze Age,” both in life and in death.
Based on the length of Ava’s tibia, or shinbone, the researchers estimate her height at around 1.67 meters (5 feet and 5.5 inches), which is pretty similar to the average modern woman.
If you want to find more information on this fascinating research you can go to Achavanich Beaker Burial Project Facebook page.